Types of Betta Fish: Pick The Right One for YOU!

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There are many different types of betta fish out there. In this article, we’ve collected the best ones and put them into a list for you.

Keep reading to see all the different types of betta fish!

Types Of Betta Fish

Bettas are one of the best beginner freshwater fish. Their small size and colorfulness is sure to bring beauty to any freshwater aquarium.

They have been cross-bred over the years creating amazing and beautiful variations.

In fact, there are over SEVENTY different types of betta fish! Each having their own unique looks.

There are three different ways to classify Bettas. These are by looking at their tail shapes, patterns, and colors.

When you combine all the different tail shapes, colors, and patterns, there are hundreds of different types of bettas.

Let’s look at the first type of betta fish.

Tail Types

The tail is one of the most appealing characteristics of any Betta.

Over the years, beautiful tail variations have been created. From short and spiky to large and majestic, you’ll find all different types of tails full of striking color. 

Tail types are classified based on the size and shape of the tail. The names will generally give you an idea of the tail shape.

Let’s take a look at some of the most common betta fish tail types.

Veiltail Betta

One of the most common variations of the Betta is the Veiltail. They are widely available and it’s likely you’ll find one at your local pet store. 

Males have long, swooping tails and come in many different colors. Overall, their appearance is quite remarkable.

Females on the other hand, are quite different. They usually don’t have as much coloration as males, and tend to have shorter tails and fins.

For those breeding Betta fish, know that Veiltails carry the dominant tail types over other variations. This makes them easier to breed than others.

Crowntail Betta

Another popular Betta fish is the Crowntail. These popular freshwater fish are relatively young. First bred by Ahmad Yusuf 1997, they captured the Betta community with their beauty.

Their spiky tails have been adored by fishkeepers for decades.

Like the Veiltail Betta, the males hold most of the beauty. Generally, they have larger fins and tails, and show more color. 

On the other hand, females are more “dull”. With lighter colors and shorter tails, they bring a less majestic overall appearance. 

Double Tail Betta

Named because of its two distinct tails separated by the base, the Double Tail is easily recognized as a beautiful Betta.

This variation has larger and longer dorsal fins with a shorter body. This gene can be found in almost any Betta, regardless of tail shape and size.

Double Tail Bettas show more rays than single tail Bettas, which gives them a richer appearance.

Elephant Ear Betta

One of the more unique fish, Elephant Ear Bettas don’t really fit into any category. Instead, they’re known for their pectoral fins.

Commonly known as the Dumbo Betta, their unique fins are quite funny.

Resembling the ears of an elephant, they’ll certainly add a unique look to your aquarium. 

Elephant Ear Bettas need more gentle water flow. The reason for this is because of the difficulty it takes for them to swim.

Plakat Betta

Unlike other Betta Fish, the Plakat Betta have short and round tails. They are also shorter than many other variations. Still, the males show amazing colors.

Plakat Bettas are the closest to the original Bettas found in the wild.

They are commonly used and bred for fighting instead of beauty.

Halfmoon Betta

Their name is quite self-explanatory. Their large tail creates a half circle resembling the moon.

Halfmoon Bettas are strictly bred in captivity, which means you won’t find any in the wild. They are commonly bred by experts during Betta shows.

For beginners wanting to breed Bettas, I don’t recommend using Halfmoons. The reason for this is because of their more aggressive behavior.

Overall, the Halfmoon Bettas beauty is unmatchable which is why they became famous worldwide.

Rosetail Betta

The Rosetail Betta is a unique variation of the Halfmoon betta.

The feature of this variation is the rays of the tail. They are particularly branchy, which gives a striking look to the fish and makes their fins look like roses.

Color Types

Some Betta Fish might have a single color, while others may have a mix of different colors. Bettas can be almost any color. From dark red to light blue, the combinations are endless.

Here are some of the most common Betta colors.

Red Betta

For Bettas, red is a dominant color. In fact, red is one of the most common colors for betta fish.

Most of these bettas have a full red body, but sometimes the red can appear to be “washed off”. If you notice this, watch their diet and water condition, as something is likely wrong.

From Veiltails to Plakats, red is found across almost all the different Betta varieties.

If your betta fish doesn’t have a full red body, it likely has highlights across the fins or somewhere else on the body.

Yellow Betta

Another very common color found in Bettas is yellow. Generally, Yellow Bettas show a full yellow body with coloration extending down to the fins and tail.

There isn’t one shade of yellow. In fact, there are many different shadings, ranging from bright to darker yellows.

This variation is commonly known as “non-red”, as they display many of the characteristics of Red Bettas, but are yellow.

Blue Betta

Blue bettas don’t seem to need a lot of context. After all, everyone knows the color blue… Right?

You may think that choosing a blue betta would be simple, but that isn’t always the case. There are many different shades of blue out there, so your options can be varied.

The most common shades of blue bettas are Steel Blue(almost grayish) and Royal Blue Bettas. Both are beautiful. Here is a image of the two:

White Betta

Compared to other Betta Fish, the White Betta may be seen as a bit plain compared to other variations.

These bettas are completely white. Don’t let this discourage you, as with the right tail type, they can be quite beautiful. 

Personally, white bettas with long flowing swooping tails are quite the sight to see. 

Pattern Types

Last but not least, the final way to classify Betta Fish is through their patterns.

Colors can be arranged in different patterns and on different parts of a Betta. 

Some of these patterns are natural while others have been created through years of selective breeding.

Let’s check out some of the best betta patterns.

Butterfly Betta

Butterfly Bettas are one of the most common patterns.

They have a solid body color that extends to the base of the tail and fins. Then, the color is replaced by a paler or lighter color. 

Another type of variation of this pattern is to have the body one color and the fins and tail another color.

Dragon Scale Betta

A relatively new pattern in the Betta world is the Dragon Scale Betta. Created through careful selective breeding, this pattern is very popular for its bright metallic coloration.

Just look at them…

They have a strong full body color with scales resembling those of a lizard or a dragon. 

Their body color is usually a rich color such as red, with iridescent pale scales across its main body.

Bicolor Betta

Bicolor Bettas have beautiful patterns. Common and easy to pick out, they are easily found at many pet stores.

They have one color on their bodies and another on their fins.

The name “Bicolor Betta” means two-colored betta, meaning they can only have two colors to qualify for this type of pattern. If they have more than two colors, they are known as a multicolored betta.

There are two types of Bicolor Bettas. Light-colored, which is where the body is lighter in color than their fins. The other is dark-colored where their body is darker in color than their fins.

Cambodian Betta

The Cambodian Betta is the result of careful selective breeding of light-colored bicolor bettas.

The body contains a light-pink body with bright red fins. Sometimes, the body can resemble a flesh-like tone rather than pink.

Although not common, you may see other color variations of the Cambodian Betta other than red. One thing for sure is that these bettas need to have a light-pink body to hold the title of Cambodian Betta.

Keep in mind that these fish are relatively new, so finding one may be a challenge.

Setting Up A Betta Tank

Now that we’ve seen some great looking Betta Fish, how do we set up a home for one? People deem them as “easy to keep”, but many Bettas pass away from poor water quality and tank choices.

The first thing to know is that Bettas are tropical fish, which means they CANNOT survive in a tank without a heater.

That means that keeping them in a bowl in your living room isn’t going to cut it. Even if you keep a room temperature of 75-80 degrees, your water will be several degrees below this.

So why do bettas need warm water temperatures?

Well, the answer lies in the immune system. Cold water will suppress their immune system, which will inevitably cause them to become ill. So make sure to get your betta a good tank heater.

Another thing you’ll need for your tank is a filter.

Most people say that you don’t need one because they are hardy, but this is far from the truth. In tanks, waste builds up quickly, which can lead your betta to develop an infection. 

For setting up a complete tank, we’ve made a beginners guide on the complete fish tank setup.

Community or Solo Tanks?

Most people are familiar that Male Bettas are aggressive little guys.

In fact, they are so aggressive that they’ll attack their OWN REFLECTION! For that reason, many fishkeepers think that they must be kept alone in their own tank.

One thing for certain is that male bettas don’t tolerate the presence of other males. However you can keep a male betta with other female bettas.

With a proper aquarium setup and heavy planting, keeping a betta tank is possible, and community tanks arent that far out of the picture either.

Most bettas are slow, so pairing them up with fast swimming fish is the best idea.

Here are some of the best fast swimming fish for bettas:

  • Danios
  • Tetras
  • Mollies
  • Endlers
  • Barbs
  • Rasboras

Also make sure that your fish don’t have a nipping habit, especially if you have bettas with large fins.

Properly Feeding Betta Fish

Thriving Bettas in the wild vary their diet.

To keep healthy, happy bettas, you’ll need to recreate their wild diet as closely as possible. This isn’t going to be a challenge as freeze-dried foods contain many of the nutrients bettas need to thrive.

Some of the best foods for bettas are:

  •  Bloodworms
  •  Brine shrimp
  •  Daphnia
  •  Tropical Flakes

So how often should I feed my Betta? 

Feeding them twice a day is optimal. I’ve found this to be the perfect range, as you don’t want to overfeed or underfeed.

Know that bettas, like Americans, will eat everything given to them. This means that your Betta will quickly overeat if given too much food. This can slow down their ability to swim, which is BAD, and can even KILL them.

The reason why overfeeding bettas is so dangerous is because it’ll inflate their swim bladders. With inflated swim bladders, it’ll be hard for them to swim around and they’ll likely float to the bottom of the tank.

Since you don’t want bettas trapped at the bottom of your tank, watch the amount you sprinkle.

During feeding time, they should finish their meals in two minutes. If they take longer, you’re overfeeding, and if they take less time you’re underfeeding.

What to do next?

Bettas come in a variety of beautiful colors, patterns, and tail types. 

Want to see other beautiful fish? Check out our list of the 21 Absolute Best Freshwater Fish For Beginners.

Photo of author
Hey there, my name is Gunnar Kennedy. I'm a fishkeeping enthusiast who's been in the hobby for over a decade now! I love sharing new ideas and helping others care for their aquatic friends!

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